Global warming has become an environmental problem that has existed since the late 19th century. In the world of architecture, the sick building syndrome phenomenon appears. This means that health problems and discomfort due to air quality and air pollution in occupied buildings affect the productivity of occupants. With poor air ventilation and lack of natural lighting, 30% of the world’s buildings experience indoor air quality problems. The concept of green architecture & sustainable building is an architectural planning approach that seeks to minimize the various negative impacts that arise from a residence.
Green & Sustainable building implementation
‘Green’ is a building that is in harmony with the environment in which it stands, can be sustainable, environmentally friendly, and uses recycled or ecological materials. Green architecture can also be applied to reduce energy use, for example, buildings that have many openings so as to minimize the use of lights. This concept also requires that the building can have a positive impact on the environment and nature.
Buildings that are built must maximize existing natural resources and not use excessive amounts of building materials. The application of green architecture and the green building itself is usually associated with efforts to implement sustainable architecture. Sustainable Architecture is a concept that supports environmental sustainability, by maintaining natural resources to last longer.
Sustainable is more as a way to influence everything to know that the first thing to consider in designing is environmental and global. Benefits of implementing green architecture to achieve sustainable building:
Energy use efficiency
- Utilize sunlight to reduce the use of electrical energy.
- use natural ventilation instead of artificial air conditioning
- Using ventilation and openings, cross-ventilation and other innovative means
- The concept of efficient use of energy such as natural lighting and ventilation is a specific concept for tropical climates
- Land use efficiency
Use land efficiently, compactly, and integrated.
The green potential of plants can be maximized with various innovations, such as rooftop gardens, Hanging gardens, hedges, or areas around buildings that can be filled with plants.
Open design with spaces that open to the garden
Use of new technology and materials
- utilize the potential of renewable energy such as wind energy, sunlight, and water to produce electrical energy
- utilizing new materials through new discoveries that are globally